Ramadan is a holy month of worship, prayer, solidarity, and fasting for all Muslims in the world. Ramadan is known as the month when the Quran began to be revealed to Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). During the month of Ramadan Muslims attend the mosque more often, recite the Quran, show solidarity by helping the poor people with iftar meals, and most important Muslims fast every day for the whole month.
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.”
Fasting is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. Fasting is staying hungry and thirsty (without eating or drinking anything) from the morning before sunrise (Suhoor), until the evening or sunset (Iftar).
Suhoor is the meal that is taken at midnight, the last meal before sunrise, and the start of fasting for the day.
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Take Suhoor as there is a blessing in it.”
Iftar is the meal taken at sunset to break the fast. The food that is on every Muslim’s table for Iftar to break the fast are dates, and dates are the traditional food for Ramadan.
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “The people will continue to be in good condition as long as they hurry to break the fast.”
There are some categories of people that aren’t obligated to fast, they are:
- Children that didn’t pass puberty!
- Pregnant women!
- Women during the menstrual cycle!
- Elders who are unable to fast!
- People who shouldn’t fast for medical reasons!
In this month every Muslim is obliged to donate ‘fitrah’ a sum of money given to the poor people. At the end of Ramadan is celebrated Eid al-Fitr which is the holiday where Muslims celebrate the end of fasting by visiting the whole family
Interview with Besim Luma, Islamic teacher and theologian
Here you will read an interview with the theologian Besim Luma who is active in the mosque “Eski”. Besim Luma is an Islamic teacher, who teaches children to read the Quran. He teaches kids about Islam, and he is my teacher too. He is active in the mosque giving Islamic lectures to people who go to the mosque. I asked him about the Ramadan month, and how the month of Ramadan is venerated in the “Eski” mosque.
The month of Ramadan is the most important month for us Muslims, as usually every day of this month I spend with my students reading the Quran and praying. We together with the students in the mosque, organize the recitation of the Quran together with the people who attend the mosque. This month more people attend the mosque, who pray 5 times of prayer and the most important is praying the Taraweeh prayer every night in the mosque. Also, we have lectures every day given by me in the mosque because Islam without knowledge does not go!
Here is the link to Besim Luma’s YouTube channel. Check it out!
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